Urial

Vulnerable

In the park, we have 4 female urials and one male. They live together with the Thorold's deer.


Scientific name : Ovie aris arkal

Where do they live?

In Afghanistan, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Pakistan, and in most other countries in Central Asia.

Did you know?

Horns tell their age
The horns of the urial grow from year to year. So, the older an urial, the more imposing its horns. We can thus estimate the age of an individual just by looking at its horns!

The urial feeds on grasses, shrubs, and seeds. They are found in the mountainous areas of the Himalayas, up to an elevation of 3000 m. Males are very recognizable thanks to their impressive horns in the shape of sickle. The horns of females are much shorter. The urial's coat is usually brown and much lighter in the summer than in the winter. Urials are threatened in their natural environment by poaching (their horns are highly prized by trophy hunters), hybridization, competition with livestock and habitat loss.

Height

80 to 100 cm at the withers.

Weight

More than 90 kg for males.

Horns

Their spiral horns can reach more than a metre long.

Life expectancy

8 to 12 years.

Gestation period

150 to 160 days.

Birth weight

Between 2.5 and 4.5 kg.

Human-Animal Connection

A controversial classification

The urial is sometimes considered a sub-species of the domestic sheep. However, according to the IUCN (The International Union for the Conservation of Nature), the urial and domestic sheep are in fact two distinct species.