Turkmenian kulan


Kublai, Tonje and Torunn are the 3 kulans that you can observe at the park

Scientific name : Equus hemionus kulan

Where do they live?

They are found in Mongolia and northern China. They were once present in numerous other countries, in particular in Syria where they went extinct in 1927.

Did you know?

Water holes
Kulans dig holes in dry riverbeds to reach underground water. Other wild and domesticated animals sometimes use these holes for drinking, including humans.

The Turkmenian kulan is one of the sub-species of the onager, also known as the Asiatic wild ass. Kulans live primarily in desert or semi-desert plateaus in Asia. They are never more than 30 km from an oasis or a water source. The colour of their coat varies according to the seasons. It is usually reddish brown in the summer and lightens to a yellowish brown in the winter. It also has a thick black stripe with white edges down the middle of its back. Turkmenian kulans are monogamous, and males stay with females and the young throughout the year.


1.90 to 2.40 m.


200 to 260 kg.

Life expectancy

15 to 25 years (up to 38 years in captivity).

Sexual maturity

3 to 4 years.

Gestation period

11 to 12 months.


1 offspring.

Keep up hope

A drastic decline

The kulan population is in decline, particularly due to poaching for its meat and competition with livestock for food but also as a result of changes in its habitat. Today, kulans are confined to an area representing less than 3% of their former distribution. The mission of the Kulanstep project is to conserve and restore the kulan population and ecosystem.