Lion

Vulnerable

Dondon the lioness and Tsavo the lion live together in the park


Scientific name : Panthera leo

Where do they live?

In the plains and savannas of sub-Saharan Africa and in India.

Did you know?

Females are faster than males
Lionesses are faster than males, with a maximum speed of almost 60 km/h. However, this speed can only be maintained over short distances. These felines are muscular and long and can make remarkable jumps: up to 3.70 meters high and 11 meters long!

The lion is the second largest feline, after the tiger, and the largest carnivore in Africa.
Unlike other felines, lions are social animals, and they live in large family groups. Young males stay around two to three years in the group until they reach sexual maturity. They are then driven away by the dominant lion. Females, however, spend their entire lives in the group and reproduce with its members. This system avoids inbreeding.
The females, called lionesses, are the hunters. Male lions do not hunt but are responsible for fighting intrusions on the territory and the threats against the pride.

Weight

They can weigh almost 200 kg.

Length of canine teeth

Up to 6 cm long.

Diet

They eat 7 kg of meat per day.

Sleep

They are inactive for 20 hours a day.

Life expectancy

12 years for the male, up to 20 years for the female and more than 30 years in captivity.

A shared global concern

The future of these "big cats" already appears to be on a better track in the last few years in a few large reserves in southern and eastern Africa. In Asia, the Indian government enacted a reintroduction project in the 2000s for lions at the Kuno Wildlife Sanctuary. We hope that these actions will little by little make a difference.