Kordofan giraffe

Vulnerable

Rafiki is the most recent giraffe to arrive at the park, in 2019


Scientific name : Giraffa camelopardalis antiquorum

Where do they live?

Kordofan giraffes live some of the most hostile areas of Africa including southern Chad, northern Cameroon, the north of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the southwest region of Sudan and the Central African Republic.

Did you know?

Several species of giraffes?
It has been widely recognised that there is a single species of giraffe, Giraffa camelopardalis, and nine sub-species. However, during the last ten years, some research has shown that there are in fact four distinct species of giraffes and five sub-species. The four species and their sub-species live in geographically distinct areas throughout Africa. However, this research has not yet been officially accepted, and several studies are underway to solve this mystery.

Its name comes from Kordofan, a former province of Sudan. The Kordofan giraffe population is estimated to be less than 2,000 individuals distributed in a vast area of Central Africa that is regularly affected by armed conflicts. The spots of the Kordofan giraffe are pale, wide and irregular. Its spotted coat is similar to other sub-species of giraffes from the north; however it has no markings on its lower legs.

Height

Up to 6 meters tall.

Weight

Up to 1.5 tons.

Maximum speed

55 km/h.

Life expectancy

28 years in captivity.

Gestation period

457 days.

Keep up hope

The giraffes are threatened by the destruction of their habitats that results in isolated populations. They are also threatened by poaching and armed conflicts that persist in certain regions. The giraffes are also hunted for their meat and hides. According to the IUCN, giraffes have experienced a population decline of around 40% over the past 30 years.

In January 2016, thanks to donations collected on World Giraffe Day launched by the GCF (the Giraffe Conservation Foundation), 18 Rothschild's giraffes from northern Uganda crossed the Nile River to reach the southern part of Murchison National Park to increase genetic diversity and protect the animals. During this operation, blood samples were taken and 5 giraffes were outfitted with GPS collars to track their adaptation and their behaviour in their new environment.