Indian hog deer

Endangered

Seko, the male, lives together with two females Ambuda and Janani


Scientific name : Axis porcinus

Where do they live?

Its habitat extends from Pakistan to Southeast Asia

Did you know?

Charging headfirst
When they are threatened and water is not readily available to take refuge, Indian hog deer run with their heads down instead of jumping like other types of deer. They also lift their tails to expose their white hairs, alerting others of the danger.

The Indian hog deer is a relatively small but strong deer with a stocky, muscular body and dark brown fur. This species exhibits sexual dimorphism: males and females have different physical traits. Females are slightly smaller and do not have antlers. Indian hog deer antlers typically have three brow tines. For a large part of the year, the antlers are covered with skin known as velvet that protects them and allows them to grow. The Indian hog deer is a herbivore that feeds at night. They are also good swimmers and often enter the water when they are threatened. During breeding season, males are extremely aggressive and often challenge each other. The challenges usually cause no physical damage. They are tests of strength and endurance where two males lower their heads, lock their antlers together and push until the other one gives up. Males mate with as many females as possible, however, it is not uncommon for a male to court and defend a single female.

Length

125 to 135 cm.

Weight

36 to 50 kg.

Life expectancy

10 to 20 years.

Gestation period

8 months.

Sexual maturity

8 to 12 months.

Keep up hope

Indian hog deer are listed as endangered by the IUCN. Their worrying population decline is due to the degradation of their natural habitats, as well as by hunting. Indian hog deer meat is considered one of the best game meats.