Chamois

Least concern

Marius, Miley and Goulven are the park's 3 chamois


Scientific name : Rupicapra rupicapra

Where do they live?

In the forests and mountain pastures of the French Alps, the Vosges Mountains, the Jura Mountains and the Massif Central and all the way to the Balkans, the Carpathians, Asia Minor and Azerbaijan.

Did you know?

The tooth fairy visits chamois too
Like humans, chamois have baby teeth and permanent teeth. At 45 months old, they have 32 teeth (with 20 baby teeth).

They prefer elevations between 800 and 2,300 m. Any higher and there aren't enough grazing lands available. Though the absence of grass doesn't rule out forays into higher altitude: they've been spotted at an elevation of more than 4,750 meters, just below the summit of Mont Blanc. Chamois are perfectly adapted to steep, rocky terrains and cliffs, thanks to the configuration of their limbs and of hooves, the strength of their hearts, the quantity of red blood cells in their blood and their lung capacity. Also, high-altitude grass is of better quality: it can contain up to 50% more protein and 100% more phosphorus than in the plains.

Length

1 m to 1.30 m.

Weight

30 to 50 kg.

Life expectancy

25 years.

Gestation period

170 days.

Living together

They enjoy the company of other species

Chamois, deer and marmots live together in harmony in the mountains. They alert each other in case of danger. Deer, while more of a woodland animal, give a brief bark and the marmots whistle.