Camel

Least concern

We have 3 females in the park: Jaya, Mamie and Mamoune


Scientific name : Camelus bactrianus

Where do they live?

In the large deserts of Asia, particularly in Mongolia and China. But also in Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan and in Russia.

CA-MEL or DROM-E-DARY?

Did you know?

While camels have two humps and dromedaries have only one, this is not the only difference between the two. Camels are smaller, less muscular and stockier than their cousins. They're also slower, with a maximum speed of 20 km/h. The two species have nevertheless a major feature in common: they are the only mammals with oval red blood cells rather than circular. This shape might facilitate circulation when their blood becomes thick due to dehydration.

Today, camels are mainly domestic animals. There are however a few wild camels in Mongolia's Gobi Desert. Wild camels live in herds of 6 to 30 individuals. The herd is led by a dominant male followed by his females and their young.

Height

Between 1.80 m and 2.30 m.

Weight

600 to 800 kg.

Temperature

They can withstand temperatures ranging from 50°C to -25°C in the winter.

They can drink

120 litres in 10 min.

Life expectancy

50 years.

Gestation period

12 to 14 months.

Human-Animal Connection

An ideal desert companion

They can withstand difficult climatic conditions, making them valuable for the transport of people and goods on camel caravans. They can travel up to 60 km per day. When they lose a quarter of their weight to sweat, only 1/10th of the water in their blood evaporates. A camel can stay 8 days in the sun without water, losing 100 kg but surviving.