Asian black bear

Vulnerable

Venus, Giovanna, Malta, Irène and Paliku are the 5 female Asian black bears of the park


Scientific name : Ursus thibetanus

Where do they live?

They are found in Asia, in particular in Pakistan, Afghanistan, Vietnam, China and Thailand.

Did you know?

Highly developed communication
They give off plaintive calls to communicate with cubs and click their teeth when faced with an intruder. Their posture is also meaningful: sitting or lying down in front of another bear is a form of submission. Olfactory communication is expressed with urine or faeces, as well as by scratching their back against trees, a well-known habit in bears.

The Asian black bear is characterized by a V-shaped beige patch on its chest, a white crescent around the neck and a white spot on the snout. Their short legs with long claws help them climb trees, where they spend half of their time on platforms that they build with branches and leaves. Up high, they rest in the shelter of the trees and feed on fruit, bark and invertebrates. The Asian black bear lives in deciduous forests and rugged mountains at an elevation between 1000 and 3600 m.

Length

1.20 to 1.90 m.

Height

60 cm - 1 m at the withers.

Weight

Male: 110-150 kg Female: 65-90 kg .

Life expectancy

25 years in the wild and 33 years in captivity.

Gestation period

7-8 months.

Birth weight

360 g.

Keep up hope

Exploited for bile

The Asian black bear is poached for its skin, meat, paws and especially for its gall bladder. The bile is used in Chinese medicine. However, there are protected areas as well as associations working for the conservation of this animal. In 2010, around 20 Chinese provinces prohibited the use of the bile. More recently (2017), the Vietnamese forest administration and the NGO Animals Asia signed an agreement to put an end to the bile trade in the next five years. The goal is also to save all bears that remain on Vietnamese farms.